Settling in Massalia and the first vineyards
It all started in 600 BC, when the Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul founded the city of Massalia, not far from the Rhône Delta.
Geographically, vineyard locations have always been closely linked to the expansion of nearby towns, where consumption creates a demand for quality local products. It should come as no surprise then, that the site chosen for the first grapevines in France lay close to the Phocaean city of Massalia.
The Rhône Valley has been a major trade route for thousands of years, being the shortest route from the Mediterranean to the Northern regions. It was a considerable asset for wines produced in the Mediterranean area, as it could be used to ship them across relatively long distances. So the first vineyards in France were established by the Greeks.